The oldest game in the world with the original rules; a game of pool with three “lives”; Medieval dice chess; and the forgotten chess pieces: couriers, henchmen, spies, and fools.
The Royal Game of Ur has been played for five thousand years, and we still have the rules thanks to a a Babylonian scribe named Itti-Marduk-Balāṭu.
Players of life pool, a 19th century ancestor of snooker, got three “lives” and were eliminated when they lost them all.
Around the 11th century CE, you could play chess with dice.
Before chess settled on the standard set of pieces, Medieval variants included many others: sages, henchmen, spies, jesters, couriers, runners, and fools.